Finnish Spitz


In its native Finland, this breed is known as the Suomenpystykorva, which means “Finnish cock-eared hunting dog.” Fortunately for our tongues, it’s known as the Finnish Spitz in North America. Now considered to be the national dog of Finland, the breed’s history stretches back into antiquity and it is accepted that the breed existed in the northern parts of Finland and Lapland for thousands of years. Gradually they moved southward and made themselves useful hunting everything from squirrel to bear. The Finnish Spitz is said to be particularly good on feathered game as well. When nothing had been done to preserve the purity of the breed by the end of the 19th century, two Finnish sportsmen travelled to the north country to obtain purebred specimens and set up a breeding program. Type and ability were set and the breed was recognized, at last, by the Finnish Kennel Club in the 1920s.


Courageous, faithful and a born hunter, the Finnish Spitz has the manners of a true gentleman. Reported to be especially good with children, he makes an ideal family pet and companion as well as a superior watchdog.

Activity Level

This dog’s whole being shows liveliness. He enjoys outdoor exercise and requires no less than a daily walk to keep him in condition.


Height ranges from 17.5-19.5 in (44-50 cm) at the shoulder for adult males. Females will be slightly less.


The coat on the head and legs is short and close, but on the rest of the body it is noticeably longer and coarser and may stand erect or half-erect.


The crowning glory of the Finnish Spitz is its glowing shades of red gold, which add to the breed’s foxy look.


A thorough weekly brushing is necessary to keep the soft undercoat free of mats.

Canadian Kennel Club Official Breed Standards